Multiple dualities: seeking the patterns in Iran’s foreign policy
All Azimuth: A Journal of Foreign Policy and Peace
Center for Foreign Policy and Peace Research, İhsan Doğramacı Peace Foundation
37 - 54
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As one of the most significant actors of the region, Iran’s interactions with great powers (as well as regional powers and non-state actors) have come under scrutiny. This article adopts an historical account and suggests a framework to study Iran’s foreign policy. The framework is contextually built with a multilevel approach to specify the independent and intervening variables of Iran’s foreign policy through the light of neoclassical realist theory. In this context, it is argued that the independent variables of Iran’s foreign policy are geopolitics, threat perceptions and balance of power politics. These systemic variables are filtered through nationalism, theological and revolutionary ideology and policy making mechanisms.