Water-dispersible glycosylated poly(2,5′-thienylene)porphyrin-based nanoparticles for antibacterial photodynamic therapy
Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Royal Society of Chemistry
1147 - 1155
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Here we report the preparation of water-dispersible glycosylated poly(2,5′-thienylene)porphyrin based nanoparticles by a nanoprecipitation method and demonstrate the application of these nanoparticles in antibacterial photodynamic therapy. The diameter of the nanoparticles is in the range of 50–80 nm and the resulting nanoparticles are stable in water without precipitation at least for a month. They have high singlet oxygen efficiency and display light-triggered biocidal activity against both Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, E. coli) and Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, B. subtilis). Upon white light irradiation for 10 min with a flux of 22 mW cm−2 of the E. coli suspension incubated with NPs (18 μg mL−1), a killing efficiency of 99% is achieved, whereas in the dark the effect is recorded as only around 8%.