Mechanical and electrical monitoring in the dynamics of twisted phosphorene nanoflakes on 2D monolayers
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
American Chemical Society
30704 - 30713
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We investigated the rotational and translational dynamics of hydrogen-passivated, black phosphorene and blue phosphorene nanoflakes of diverse size and geometry anchored to graphene, black phosphorene, blue phosphorene, and MoS2 monolayer substrates. The optimized attractive interaction energy between each nanoflake and monolayer substrates are harmonic for small angular displacements, leading to libration frequencies. We showed that the relevant dynamical parameters and resulting libration frequencies, which vary with the size/geometry of nanoflakes, as well as with the type of substrate, can be monitored by charging, external electric field, pressure, and also by a molecule anchored to the flake. The optimized energy profiles and energy barriers thereof have been calculated in translational and in large angle rotational dynamics. Owing to the weak interaction between the flakes and monolayers the energy barriers are particularly small for incommensurate systems and can renders nearly frictionless rotation and translation, which is crucial for nanoscale mechanics. Even if small for particular combined nanoflake + monolayer heterostructures, the energy band gaps exhibit variations with angular and linear displacements of nanoflakes. However, these band gaps undergo considerable reduction under pressure. With tunable dynamics, electronic structure, and low friction coefficients, individual or periodically repeating nanoflakes on a monolayer substrate constitute critical composite structures offering the design of novel detectors, nanomechanical, electromechanical, and electronic devices.