Early wildfire smoke detection based on motion-based geometric image transformation and deep convolutional generative adversarial networks
Proceedings of the 44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
8315 - 8319
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Early detection of wildfire smoke in real-time is essentially important in forest surveillance and monitoring systems. We propose a vision-based method to detect smoke using Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Neural Networks (DC-GANs). Many existing supervised learning approaches using convolutional neural networks require substantial amount of labeled data. In order to have a robust representation of sequences with and without smoke, we propose a two-stage training of a DCGAN. Our training framework includes, the regular training of a DCGAN with real images and noise vectors, and training the discriminator separately using the smoke images without the generator. Before training the networks, the temporal evolution of smoke is also integrated with a motion-based transformation of images as a pre-processing step. Experimental results show that the proposed method effectively detects the smoke images with negligible false positive rates in real-time.