Social Networking Sites Utilization for Teaching and Learning
European Conference on Educational Research
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The purpose of this study is to investigate students’ social networking sites (SNSs) involvement, students’ involvement of Facebook as course management system (CMS) in face to face course, students’ acceptance of Facebook, and their relationships. The study, used Facebook as CMS, was conducted in a private university with 42 participants in two different freshman courses. Maximum variation sampling was employed in selecting 12 students for interview. Mixed method was employed as part of an action research approach. Both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were utilized to thoroughly analyze Facebook use as CMS. Quantitative data were collected through two questionnaires about Facebook acceptance and involvement of Facebook. The qualitative data were collected through both individual interviews and discussion posts of course Facebook page. The quantitative data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, and correlation analyses. Coding schemes were used to both find the depth of discussion posts and convert qualitative data into quantitative data. The results stated that students’ SNSs involvement, students’ acceptance of Facebook and their relationships were different according to the taken course. Possible reasons of the differences of utilization and engagement in the course activities were clarified in the study. Results support that students and instructors could benefit from Facebook usage in learning and teaching. Most of the participants believed the value of having CMSs in all courses. Moreover, they preferred Facebook as CMS to communicate easily, to increase their active participation and interactions in their courses.
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