International protection and psychosocial support services
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Forced migration and social trauma: interdisciplinary perspectives from Psychoanalysis, Psychology, Sociology and Politics
This chapter aims at answering the question: In what ways and to what extent are the psychosocial support services provided to the traumatised population linked to the socio-economic integration policies? For that purpose, it studies the case of Syrians under Temporary Protection in Turkey. Forced migration, caused by a humanitarian crisis, results in an emergency response effort in all countries receiving refugees. Humanitarian assistance remains at the core of such policy design in the form of meeting the basic needs of the arriving groups such as food, shelter, clothing and sanitation. As the duration of stay becomes longer, policy efforts extend to education and differentiated healthcare services, including psychosocial support. Based on a detailed examination of reports and key expert interviews from the case of Turkey, the chapter first reviews the policy response to the mass influx of refugees into Turkey since 2011, by examining the legal, administrative and institutional framework. Second, it presents and discusses the organisation and the content of psychosocial support services provided by different actors. Third, it discusses the barriers and best practices in the area of psychosocial support in a protracted humanitarian crisis.