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dc.contributor.authorMunneke, Jaapen_US
dc.contributor.authorHoppenbrouwers, S. S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLittle, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKooiman, K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorvan der Burg, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTheeuwes, J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-21T16:01:55Z
dc.date.available2019-02-21T16:01:55Z
dc.date.issued2018en_US
dc.identifier.issn0191-8869
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/49938
dc.description.abstractObjective Two major etiological theories on psychopathy propose different mechanisms as to how emotional facial expressions are processed by individuals with elevated psychopathic traits. The Response Modulation Hypothesis (RMH) proposes that psychopathic individuals show emotional deficits as a consequence of attentional deployment, suggesting that emotional deficits are situation-specific. The Integrated Emotions System theory (IES) suggests that psychopathic individuals have a fundamental amygdala dysfunction which precludes adequate responsiveness to the distress of others. Methods Participants performed a visual search task in which they had to find a male target face among two female distractor faces. Top-down attentional set was manipulated by having participants either respond to the face's orientation, or its emotional expression. Results When emotion was task-relevant, the low-scoring psychopathy group showed attentional capture by happy and fearful distractor faces, whereas the elevated group showed capture by fearful, but not happy distractor faces. Conclusion This study provides evidence for the RMH such that top-down attention influences the way emotional faces attract attention in individuals with elevated psychopathic traits. However, the different response patterns for happy and fearful faces suggest that top-down attention may not determine the processing of all types of emotional facial expressions in psychopathy.
dc.language.isoEnglish
dc.source.titlePersonality and Individual Differencesen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.10.019
dc.subjectAttentionen_US
dc.subjectEmotional captureen_US
dc.subjectFearen_US
dc.subjectPsychopathyen_US
dc.subjectResponse modulationen_US
dc.titleComparing the response modulation hypothesis and the integrated emotions system theory: the role of top-down attention in psychopathyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentInterdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience (NEUROSCIENCE)en_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.departmentAysel Sabuncu Brain Research Center (BAM)en_US
dc.citation.spage134en_US
dc.citation.epage139en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber122en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.paid.2017.10.019
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.contributor.bilkentauthorMunneke, Jaap
dc.embargo.release2020-02-01en_US


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