Effects of hydrogen adsorption on single-wall carbon nanotubes: metallic hydrogen decoration
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
121401-1 - 121401-4
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We show that the electronic and atomic structure of carbon nanotubes undergo dramatic changes with hydrogen chemisorption from first principle calculations. Upon uniform exohydrogenation at half coverage, the cross sections of zigzag nanotubes become literally square or rectangular, and they are metallic with very high density of states at the Fermi level, while other isomers can be insulating. For both zigzag and armchair nanotubes, hydrogenation of each carbon atom from inside and outside alternatively yield the most stable isomer with a very weak curvature dependence and a large band gap.