First-principles investigation of structural and electronic properties of solid cubane and its doped derivatives
Physical Review B: covering condensed matter and materials physics
American Physical Society
7625 - 7633
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The electronic and structural properties of molecular and solid cubane have been studied by first-principles, self-consistent field total energy calculations. Calculated molecular properties such as equilibrium geometry and electronic and vibrational spectra are found to be in good agreement with experimental data. Structural parameters and the energetics of both the low-temperature, orientationally ordered and high-temperature, orientationally disordered or plastic phases of solid cubane are determined. The valence band of solid cubane is derived from the molecular states; the energy gap between the lowest unoccupied and highest occupied molecular orbital bands is rather large due to the saturated carbon atoms. The effect of alkali-metal-atom doping on the electronic energy bands is investigated. It is found that the metallic band of doped cubane is derived from the undoped solid cubane’s lowest conduction band with a significant contribution from the alkali-metal atom.