Purchase order finance: a conceptual model with economic insights
Van Bergen, M.
Foundations and Trends in Technology, Information and Operations Management
Now Publishers Inc
305 - 323
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Purchase Order (PO) finance is a form of financial intermediation which can alleviate capital constraints in certain supply chains. PO finance is typically utilized by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that operate as importers, exporters, wholesalers, or distributors and have high sales growth. When applicable, PO finance creates value for the supply chain by providing capital that is not available through regular lending channels, due to informational problems. We provide a conceptual model that clarifies the value proposition of PO finance and describe how the transactions are carried out in practice. The conceptual model allows us to highlight the settings where economic conditions will favor the application of PO finance.
Small and medium-sized enterprise