Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations
De Barra M.
Van Leeuwen F.
De Smet D.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
National Academy of Sciences
12408 - 12413
Item Usage Stats
MetadataShow full item record
People who are more avoidant of pathogens are more politically conservative, as are nations with greater parasite stress. In the current research, we test two prominent hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations for these relationships. The first, which is an intragroup account, holds that these relationships between pathogens and politics are based on motivations to adhere to local norms, which are sometimes shaped by cultural evolution to have pathogenneutralizing properties. The second, which is an intergroup account, holds that these same relationships are based on motivations to avoid contact with outgroups, who might pose greater infectious disease threats than ingroup members. Results from a study surveying 11,501 participants across 30 nations are more consistent with the intragroup account than with the intergroup account. National parasite stress relates to traditionalism (an aspect of conservatism especially related to adherence to group norms) but not to social dominance orientation (SDO; an aspect of conservatism especially related to endorsements of intergroup barriers and negativity toward ethnic and racial outgroups). Further, individual differences in pathogen-avoidance motives (i.e., disgust sensitivity) relate more strongly to traditionalism than to SDO within the 30 nations.
Surveys and Questionnaires
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1607398113
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Reflections on the relationship between political theory and political practice: assessing realist challenge to liberal-normative political theory Seven, Gülşen (Bilkent University, 2017-01)This thesis is a study of value of theorizing for the practical world of politics. It addresses the question of how it is advisable to conceive the relationship between political theory and political practice. It does ...
Macro-politics and micro-behavior: mainstream politics and the frequency of political discussion in contemporary democracies Paskeviciute, Aida; Anderson, C. J. (Temple University Press, 2005)POLITICAL PHILOSOPHERS AND democratic theorists since Aristotle have considered political discussion—or at least its ideal version, democratic deliberation an essential, albeit potentially conflictual element of the ...
European politics at the beginning of the 21st century : Do theories of international relations explain current European politics? Laszlo-Herbert, Mark (Bilkent University, 2001)Today we witness something unprecedented in European history: sovereign states delegate a great deal of their sovereignty to international and supranational bodies – and this happens peacefully, with no wars, ...