Controlling phase of microwaves with active graphene surfaces
Applied Physics Letters
American Institute of Physics Inc.
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In this letter, we report a method to control the reflection phase of microwaves using electrically tunable graphene devices. The device consists of mutually gated large-area graphene layers placed at a quarter-wave distance from a metallic surface. This device structure yields electrically tunable resonance absorbance and step-like phase shift around the resonance frequency when the impedance of graphene matches with the free space impedance. Electrostatic control of charge density on graphene yields unprecedented ability to control both intensity (>50 dB) and phase (∼π) of the reflected electromagnetic waves with voltage. Furthermore, using the asymmetry of the doping at opposite polarity of the bias voltages, we showed bidirectional phase control with the applied voltage.