Autofocused spotlight SAR image reconstruction of off-grid sparse scenes
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
1880 - 1892
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Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has significant role in remote sensing. Phase errors due to uncompensated platform motion, measurement model mismatch, and measurement noise can cause degradations in SAR image reconstruction. For efficient processing of the measurements, image plane is discretized and autofocusing algorithms on this discrete grid are employed. However, in addition to the platform motion errors, the reflectors, which are not exactly on the reconstruction grid, also degrade the image quality. This is called the off-grid target problem. In this paper, a sparsity-based technique is developed for autofocused spotlight SAR image reconstruction that can correct phase errors due to uncompensated platform motion and provide robust images in the presence of off-grid targets. The proposed orthogonal matching pursuit-based reconstruction technique uses gradient descent parameter updates with built in autofocus. The technique can reconstruct high-quality images by using sub Nyquist rate of sampling on the reflected signals at the receiver. The results obtained using both simulated and real SAR system data show that the proposed technique provides higher quality reconstructions over alternative techniques in terms of commonly used performance metrics.
Compressive sensing (CS)
Spotlight synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
Communication channels (information theory)
Synthetic aperture radar
High quality images
Orthogonal matching pursuit