MicroRNA expression patterns in canine mammary cancer show significant differences between metastatic and non-metastatic tumours
BioMed Central Ltd.
1 - 17
Item Usage Stats
Background: MicroRNAs may act as oncogenes or tumour suppressor genes, which make these small molecules potential diagnostic/prognostic factors and targets for anticancer therapies. Several common oncogenic microRNAs have been found for canine mammary cancer and human breast cancer. On account of this, large-scale profiling of microRNA expression in canine mammary cancer seems to be important for both dogs and humans. Methods: Expression profiles of 317 microRNAs in 146 canine mammary tumours of different histological type, malignancy grade and clinical history (presence/absence of metastases) and in 25 control samples were evaluated. The profiling was performed using microarrays. Significance Analysis of Microarrays test was applied in the analysis of microarray data (both unsupervised and supervised data analyses were performed). Validation of the obtained results was performed using real-time qPCR. Subsequently, predicted targets for the microRNAs were searched for in miRBase. Results: Results of the unsupervised analysis indicate that the primary factor separating the samples is the metastasis status. Predicted targets for microRNAs differentially expressed in the metastatic vs. non-metastatic group are mostly engaged in cell cycle regulation, cell differentiation and DNA-damage repair. On the other hand, the supervised analysis reveals clusters of differentially expressed microRNAs unique for the tumour type, malignancy grade and metastasis factor. Conclusions: The most significant difference in microRNA expression was observed between the metastatic and non-metastatic group, which suggests a more important role of microRNAs in the metastasis process than in the malignant transformation. Moreover, the differentially expressed microRNAs constitute potential metastasis markers. However, validation of cfa-miR-144, cfa-miR-32 and cfa-miR-374a levels in blood samples did not follow changes observed in the non-metastatic and metastatic tumours.
KeywordsCanine mammary cancer
Human breast cancer
cfa miR 144
cfa miR 32
cfa miR 374a
Cell cycle regulation
Real time polymerase chain reaction
Published Version (Please cite this version)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3751-1
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
TRIB2 confers resistance to anti-cancer therapy by activating the serine/threonine protein kinase AKT Hill, R.; Madureira, P. A.; Ferreira, B.; Baptista, I.; Machado, S.; Colaço, L.; Dos Santos, M.; Liu, N.; Dopazo, A.; Ugurel, S.; Adrienn, A.; Kiss-Toth, E.; Isbilen, M.; Gure, A. O.; Link, W. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017)Intrinsic and acquired resistance to chemotherapy is the fundamental reason for treatment failure for many cancer patients. The identification of molecular mechanisms involved in drug resistance or sensitization is imperative. ...
The miR-644a/CTBP1/p53 axis suppresses drug resistance by simultaneous inhibition of cell survival and epithelialmesenchymal transition in breast cancer Raza, U.; Saatci, O.; Uhlmann, S.; Ansari, S. A.; Eyüpoglu, E.; Yurdusev, E.; Mutlu, M.; Ersan, P. G.; Altundağ, M. K.; Zhang, J. D.; Dogan, H. T.; Güler, G.; Şahin, Ö. (Impact Journals LLC, 2016)Tumor cells develop drug resistance which leads to recurrence and distant metastasis. MicroRNAs are key regulators of tumor pathogenesis; however, little is known whether they can sensitize cells and block metastasis ...
Adjuvant autologous melanoma vaccine for macroscopic stage III disease: survival, biomarkers, and improved response to CTLA-4 blockade Lotem, M.; Merims, S.; Frank, S.; Hamburger, T.; Nissan, A.; Kadouri, L.; Cohen, J.; Straussman, R.; Eisenberg, G.; Frankenburg, S.; Carmon, E.; Alaiyan, B.; Shneibaum, S.; Ayyildiz, Z. O.; Isbilen, M.; Senses, K. M.; Ron, I.; Steinberg, H.; Smith, Y.; Shiloni, E.; Gure, A. O.; Peretz, T. (Hindawi Limited, 2016)Background. There is not yet an agreed adjuvant treatment for melanoma patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer stages III B and C. We report administration of an autologous melanoma vaccine to prevent disease ...