Generation of Sub-20-fs Pulses From a Graphene Mode-Locked Laser
OSA - The Optical Society
2834 - 2839
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We demonstrate, what is to our knowledge, the shortest pulses directly generated to date from a solid-state laser, mode locked with a graphene saturable absorber (GSA). In the experiments, a low-threshold diode-pumped Cr3+:LiSAF laser was used near 850 nm. At a pump power of 275 mW provided by two pump diodes, the Cr3+:LiSAF laser produced nearly transform-limited, 19-fs pulses with an average output power of 8.5 mW. The repetition rate was around 107 MHz, corresponding to a pulse energy and peak power of 79 pJ and 4.2 kW, respectively. Once mode locking was initiated with the GSA, stable, uninterrupted femtosecond pulse generation could be obtained. In addition, the femtosecond output of the laser could be tuned from 836 nm to 897 nm with pulse durations in the range of 80-190 fs. We further performed detailed mode locking initiation tests across the full cavity stability range of the laser to verify that pulse generation was indeed started by the GSA and not by Kerr lens mode locking. ï¿½ 2017 Optical Society of America.
Laser mode locking
Pulse repetition rate
Solid state lasers
Average output power
Femtosecond pulse generation
Graphene saturable absorbers
Kerr lens mode locking
Mode-locked fiber lasers
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.002834
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