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dc.contributor.authorErbas, B. C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSolakoglu, E. G.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-12T10:59:44Z
dc.date.available2018-04-12T10:59:44Z
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/37002
dc.description.abstractThis study looks into the factual link between nitrogen fertilizer use and the land annual mean temperature anomalies arising from climate change, incorporating the effect of income and agriculture share to understand better their impact on emissions from agricultural activities along climate indicators. The study unearths causalities associated with this link by employing the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) with back-dated actual panel data specifically constructed for this study by combining four datasets from 2002 to 2010. In the long-run, the causality is significant and unidirectional, indicating that income, agriculture share, and land temperature anomalies cause agricultural emissions, and that disequilibrium from such emissions is not eliminated within a year. In the short-run, the effective use of nitrogen fertilizers and other associated agricultural practices can be achieved as countries approach per capita income of 7000 USD. Changes in the structure of economies have an expected effect on agricultural emissions. Temperature anomalies increase agricultural emissions from nitrogen fertilizers, possibly due to the fact that the potential negative impacts of these anomalies are mitigated by farmers through changes in crop production inputs. Therefore, as part of adoption strategies, to avoid the excessive and inefficient use of nitrogen fertilizers by farmers, economic incentives should be aligned with the national and global incentives of sustainability. © 2017 by the authors.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleSustainabilityen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9111989en_US
dc.subjectNitrogen fertilizeren_US
dc.subjectVECMen_US
dc.subjectAgricultural emissionen_US
dc.subjectAgricultural practiceen_US
dc.subjectAgricultureen_US
dc.subjectClimate changeen_US
dc.subjectData seten_US
dc.subjectEconomic structureen_US
dc.subjectFertilizer applicationen_US
dc.subjectIncomeen_US
dc.subjectNitrogenen_US
dc.subjectNumerical modelen_US
dc.subjectPanel dataen_US
dc.subjectSurface temperatureen_US
dc.subjectTemperature anomalyen_US
dc.titleIn the presence of climate change, the use of fertilizers and the effect of income on agricultural emissionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Banking and Financeen_US
dc.citation.spage1en_US
dc.citation.epage17en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber9en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber11en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su9111989en_US
dc.publisherM D P I AGen_US


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