Tunable zero-index photonic crystal waveguide for two-qubit entanglement detection
American Chemical Society
2129 - 2133
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Preparation and measurement of an entangled state are essential in quantum information applications. The recent theoretical works on preparing and measuring entangled states via coupled quantum dot-waveguide platforms are promising. However, an alternative strategy is still needed for more accessible implementations. In this Article, we propose a simple but powerful medium for quantum information processing and communication consisting of a zero-index photonic crystal (PC) waveguide (WG). By exploiting the zero-index behavior of the PC WG, we overcome the difficulty of sensitivity in quantum dots' location, which is one of the main challenges for preparing and measuring a two-qubit entangled state. Moreover, our platform possesses the feature of tunability, which allows it to operate in different wavelength regimes. The suggested medium is also promising for realizing long-range spatial coherence as well as long-range entanglement. © 2016 American Chemical Society.