Catalytic supramolecular self-assembled peptide nanostructures for ester hydrolysis
Khalily, M. A.
Tekinay, A. B.
Guler, M. O.
Journal of Materials Chemistry B
Royal Society of Chemistry
4605 - 4611
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Essential amino acids in catalytic sites of native enzymes are important in nature inspired catalyst designs. Active sites of enzymes contain the coordinated assembly of multiple amino acids, and catalytic action is generated by the dynamic interactions among multiple residues. However, catalysis studies are limited by the complex and dynamic structure of the enzyme; and it is difficult to exclusively attribute a given function to a specific residue. Minimalistic approaches involving artificial catalytic sites are promising for the investigation of the enzyme function in the absence of non-essential protein components, and self-assembling peptide nanostructures are especially advantageous in this context. Here we demonstrate the design and characterization of an enzyme-mimetic catalytic nanosystem presenting essential residues (Ser, His, Asp). The function of each residue and its combinations on the nanostructures in hydrolysis reaction was studied. The catalytic self-assembled nanostructures were used for efficient ester hydrolysis such as a model substrate (pNPA) and a natural substrate (acetylcholine) highlighting the key role of self-assembly in catalytic domain formation to test the efficiency of the de novo designed catalyst as a catalytic triad model.
Essential amino acids
Self assembled nanostructures
Published Version (Please cite this version)https://doi.org/10.1039/c6tb00795c
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