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dc.contributor.authorBechinger, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDi Leonardo, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLöwen, H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReichhardt, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVolpe, G.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-12T10:43:27Z
dc.date.available2018-04-12T10:43:27Z
dc.date.issued2016-11en_US
dc.identifier.issn0034-6861
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/36533
dc.description.abstractDifferently from passive Brownian particles, active particles, also known as self-propelled Brownian particles or microswimmers and nanoswimmers, are capable of taking up energy from their environment and converting it into directed motion. Because of this constant flow of energy, their behavior can be explained and understood only within the framework of nonequilibrium physics. In the biological realm, many cells perform directed motion, for example, as a way to browse for nutrients or to avoid toxins. Inspired by these motile microorganisms, researchers have been developing artificial particles that feature similar swimming behaviors based on different mechanisms. These man-made micromachines and nanomachines hold a great potential as autonomous agents for health care, sustainability, and security applications. With a focus on the basic physical features of the interactions of self-propelled Brownian particles with a crowded and complex environment, this comprehensive review will provide a guided tour through its basic principles, the development of artificial self-propelling microparticles and nanoparticles, and their application to the study of nonequilibrium phenomena, as well as the open challenges that the field is currently facing.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleReviews of Modern Physicsen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.88.045006en_US
dc.subjectAutonomous agentsen_US
dc.subjectBrownian movementen_US
dc.subjectBrownian particlesen_US
dc.subjectComplex environmentsen_US
dc.subjectDifferent mechanismsen_US
dc.subjectMotile micro-organismsen_US
dc.subjectNon-equilibrium phenomenaen_US
dc.subjectNon-equilibrium physicsen_US
dc.subjectPhysical featuresen_US
dc.subjectSecurity applicationen_US
dc.subjectSustainable developmenten_US
dc.titleActive particles in complex and crowded environmentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentInstitute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology (UNAM)en_US
dc.citation.spage045006-1en_US
dc.citation.epage045006-50en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber88en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber4en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1103/RevModPhys.88.045006en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Physical Societyen_US


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