Wave propagation and acoustic band gaps of two-dimensional liquid crystal/solid phononic crystals
Mamedov, A. M.
Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
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The vast majority of acoustic wave propagation in phononic band studies has been usually carried out by scattering inclusions embedded in a viscoelastic medium, such as air or water. In this study, we present calculated band structure results for the two-dimensional square array geometry of a solid cylindrical scatterer surrounded by a liquid crystal (LC) matrix. Liquid crystals provide a unique combination of liquid-like and crystal-like properties as well as anisotropic properties. The purpose of using LC material is to take advantage of longitudinal acoustic waves propagating parallel () and perpendicular (⊥) to the nematic liquid crystal (NLC) director n. The compound used in this study was a room temperature NLC, called 5CB (4-pentyl-4′-cyanobiphenyl). The acoustic band structure of a two-dimensional phononic crystal containing a 5CB NLC and lithium tantalate was investigated by the plane wave expansion method. The theoretical results show that the solid/LC system can be tuned in a favorable configuration for adjusting or shifting acoustic band gaps. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Nematic liquid crystals
Acoustic band gaps
Longitudinal acoustic waves
Nematic liquid crystals (NLC)
Plane wave expansion method
Two-dimensional liquid crystals
Two-dimensional phononic crystals
Acoustic wave propagation
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-016-0623-5
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