Form and part through standard / non‐standard duality
Özcan, Burcu Şenyapılı
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This thesis formulates its research through a two‐fold approach: it introduces a novel algorithm, but first it establishes the relationship model through which the assessment of the algorithm should be made. It discusses the intrinsic relation of “form” and “part” in architecture, through the analysis of concepts “standard” and “non‐standard.” The form is the overall shape of an object and part is the numerous constituents of form. “Standard” ‐which is a central trait for architecture‐ and “nonstandard” ‐a later introduction to architecture‐ consisting of various formal alternatives, are included for their important formal and constructional characteristics. All four concepts are studied in their historical contexts and in relation to secondary themes, like tectonics, mass‐production, and masscustomization. Simple essential techniques and various geometric formations in architecture are also covered through built examples to further demonstrate the aspects of “standard” and “non‐standard,” in terms of “form” and “part.” Based on these four concepts, a quadripartite relation is established. The relationship model formulates a significant interpretation and interrelation of the four concepts, hence creates an analytical framework. Through the findings of the quadripartite relation’s last partition, an algorithm is devised. The algorithm can generate various alternative infrastructure models for surfaces of revolution through several parameters. The findings demonstrate essential advantages in terms of standardization, material use, simplicity and ease of assembly. The algorithm can be altered slightly to adapt to other three partitions.