Latency-centric models and methods for scaling sparse operations
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Parallelization of sparse kernels and operations on large-scale distributed memory systems remains as a major challenge due to ever-increasing scale of modern high performance computing systems and multiple con icting factors that affect the parallel performance. The low computational density and high memory footprint of sparse operations add to these challenges by implying more stressed communication bottlenecks and make fast and effcient parallelization models and methods imperative for scalable performance. Sparse operations are usually performed with structures related to sparse matrices and matrices are partitioned prior to the execution for distributing computations among processors. Although the literature is rich in this aspect, it still lacks the techniques that embrace multiple factors affecting communication performance in a complete and just manner. In this thesis, we investigate models and methods for intelligent partitioning of sparse matrices that strive for achieving a more correct approximation of the communication performance. To improve the communication performance of parallel sparse operations, we mainly focus on reducing the latency bottlenecks, which stand as a major component in the overall communication cost. Besides these, our approaches consider already adopted communication cost metrics in the literature as well and aim to address as many cost metrics as possible. We propose one-phase and two-phase partitioning models to reduce the latency cost in one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) sparse matrix partitioning, respectively. The model for 1D partitioning relies on the commonly adopted recursive bipartitioning framework and it uses novel structures to capture the relations that incur latency. The models for 2D partitioning aim to improve the performance of solvers for nonsymmetric linear systems by using different partitions for the vectors in the solver and uses that exibility to exploit the latency cost. Our findings indicate that the latency costs should deffinitely be considered in order to achieve scalable performance on distributed memory systems.
Distributed memory systems
Combinatorial scientific computing