Osmanlı edebiyatında dönüşümün şiiri : sulhiyyeler
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Ottoman Empire, as many historians have argued, entered a period of “disintegration” in the 17th century. Ottoman Empire, which began to collapse starting with the defeat in Vienna in 1683, and had to accept its defeat by signing the treaty of Karlowitz, lost a considerable amount of land. Apart from a change in the culture, authority and policy of balance, a “transformation” is observed in terms of literature. Social events, the long-lasting war, and exhaustion that followed afterwards; weakening in military terms, and changing world-order began to reverberate on the works of that time. The Sulhiyyes which I analyzed in this thesis are also products of that “transformation”. The Sulhiyyes that Nâbi and Sabit wrote on the treaty of Karlowitz (1699) are important both because they are the first examples of that genre and because they reflect the “transformation”. Besides them, Seyyid Vehbi wrote his works on the treaties of Pasarowitz (1718) and İstanbul (İran) (1724) that followed after it. In the thesis, these examples of Sulhiyye were analyzed both as a genre and as a part of the “transition” which started in the 17th century and continued in the 18th century. The difference in the world of images, style and manner leads us to the change in the understanding of poetry of that time.