Lehçetü`l Hakayık`ta mizah söylemi
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Âlî Bey (1846-1899), who was known by the name of “Director” during his lifetime, is a writer of humor who published several journalistic articles, plays, adaptations, a short story, and travel notes. With his works during the Tanzimat period, Âlî Bey is a pioneer of novelty in the changing understanding of humor. In this study, the discourse of humor represented by Âlî Bey’s dictionary titled Lehcetü’l Hakâyık (The Language of Truth) is investigated in two main sections under the titles of “The Structure and Content of the Discourse of Humor” and “The Analysis of the Discourse of Humor”. The first section contains the subsections in which “Dictionary Studies and the Understanding of Humor Prior to Lehcetü’l Hakâyık” and “Features of the Text” are investigated. The first section of the thesis discusses the place of this dictionary within the traditions of humor and dictionary writing in Ottoman literature, analyzes Âlî Bey’s dictionary in terms of these genres, and exposes in depth the content of dictionary. The second section of the thesis, which is titled “The Analysis of the Discourse of Humor” contains the following subsections: “The Unique Aspects of Being Human and Human Behavior”, “Relationships between Women and Men”, “Political and Social Discourse about the Ottoman Empire”, and “Other Entries”. Under the title of “The Unique Aspects of Being Human and Human Behavior” entries relating to verbal, mental, and bodily aspects of being human are explicated. Under the title of “Relationships between Women and Men” the entries relating to women and men are discussed. Under the title of “Political and Social Discourse about the Ottoman Empire” issues relating to political and social life are examined. “Other Entries” discusses those subjects that are not considered under previous classifications. In Lehcetü’l Hakâyık, Âlî Bey satirically responds to those subjects that reflect human thought and behavior, relationship between women and men, the daily and political life of the Ottoman Empire, and the cultural background of his period. Considering humor as a critical weapon, he cleverly redefines the platitudes, thus showing the “irony of truth”.