Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorAydınlı, Atilla
dc.contributor.authorKiyat, İsa
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-01T11:03:23Z
dc.date.available2016-07-01T11:03:23Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/29697
dc.descriptionCataloged from PDF version of article.en_US
dc.description.abstractSilicon, the basic material of electronics industry is rediscovered nowadays for its potential use in photonics and integrated optics. The research activity in silicon integrated optics have been speeding up during the last decade and even attracting interest of leading industrial companies. As a contribution to this world wide effort, we have designed, fabricated and characterized a class of monolithic and hybrid silicon integrated optical devices. These devices were realized on high-quality silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers. Beam propagation method (BPM) based simulations and analytical calculations were employed for the design. We have demonstrated for the first time an SOI device that splits light into its TE and TM components. An SOI rib waveguide becomes birefringent as its size reduced. This idea is used to design and fabricate a directional coupler polarization splitter based on geometrical birefringence. The device uses 1 µm sized SOI waveguides. This compact device (only 110 µm in length) shows extinction ratios larger than 20 dB. SOI waveguides with the same geometry was used to realize a batch of single and double bus racetrack resonators having radii in the range of 20 to 500 µm. Design of these racetrack resonators are presented in detail. The bending loss and coupling factor calculations were performed using BPM. During the design and analysis of waveguide resonators, we proposed a novel displacement sensor that can be used for scanning probe microscopies. The sensor operates by means of monitoring the changes in transmission spectrum of a high finesse micro-ring resonator due to stress induced by displacement. Operation principles and sensitivity calculations are discussed in detail. SOI resonators with quality factors (Q) as high as 119000 have been achieved. This is the highest Q value for resonators based on SOI rib waveguides to date. Finesse values as large as 43 and modulation depths of 15 dB were observed. Free spectral ranges increased from 0.2 nm to 3.0 nm when radius was decreased from 500 to 20 µm. The thermo-optical tunability of these resonators were also studied. A high-Q racetrack resonator is used to develop a wavelength selective optical switch. The resonator was thermo-optically scanned over its full free spectral range applying only 57 mW of electrical power. A low power of 17 mW was enough to tune from resonance to off-resonance state. The device functioned as a wavelength selective optical switch with a 3 dB cutoff frequency of 210 kHz. We have also demonstrated wavelength add/drop filters using the same racetrack resonators with double bus. Asymmetric lateral coupling was used in order to get better filter characteristics. Filters with crosstalks as low as -10.0 dB and Q-factors of as high as 51000 were achieved. Finally, we introduce the use of a layer transfer method for SOI wafers. Such a layer transfer results in the possibility of using the back side of the silicon layer in SOI structure for further processing. With this method, previously fabricated SOI waveguides were transferred to form hybrid silicon-polymer waveguides. Benzocyclobutene (BCB) polymer was used as the bonding agent. The method is also applied to SOI M-Z interferometers to explore the possibilities of the technology. We additionally studied asymmetric vertical couplers (AVC) based on polymer and silicon waveguides and fabricated them using a hybrid technology.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityKiyat, İsaen_US
dc.format.extentxxi, 141 leaves, illustrationsen_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US
dc.subjectIntegrated opticsen_US
dc.subjectSilicon-on-insulator technologyen_US
dc.subjectOptical waveguidesen_US
dc.subjectPolarization splittersen_US
dc.subjectRing resonatorsen_US
dc.subjectRacetrack resonatorsen_US
dc.subjectDisplacement sensorsen_US
dc.subjectWavelength add-drop filtersen_US
dc.subjectThermo-optical effecten_US
dc.subjectWavelength selective optical switchen_US
dc.subjectHybrid integrationen_US
dc.subjectWafer bondingen_US
dc.subjectMach-Zehnder modulatoren_US
dc.subjectAsymmetric vertical coupleren_US
dc.subject.lccQC661 .K591 2005en_US
dc.subject.lcshOptical wave guides.en_US
dc.titleMonolithic and hybrid silicon-on-insulator integrated optical devicesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Physicsen_US
dc.publisherBilkent Universityen_US
dc.description.degreePh.D.en_US
dc.identifier.itemidBILKUTUPB093839


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record