Scanning hall probe microscopy (SHPM) using quartz crystal AFM feedback
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Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy (SHPM) is a quantitative and non-invasive technique for imaging localized surface magnetic field fluctuations such as ferromagnetic domains with high spatial and magnetic field resolution of ~50nm & 7mG/ Hz at room temperature. In the SHPM technique, Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) or Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) feedback is usually used for bringing the Hall sensor into close proximity of the sample. In the latter, the Hall probe has to be integrated with an AFM cantilever in a complicated microfabrication process. In this work, we have eliminated the difficult cantileverHall probe integration process; a Hall sensor is simply glued at the end of Quartz crystals, which are used as a force sensor. The sensor assembly is dithered at the resonance frequency and the quartz force sensor output is detected with a Lock-in and PLL system. SHPM electronics is modified to detect AFM topography and the phase, along with the magnetic field image. NIST MIRS (Magnetic Referance Sample) (Hard Disk) sample, 100 MB high capacity zip disk and Garnet sample are imaged with the Quartz Crystal AFM feedback and the performance is found to be comparable with the SHPM using STM feedback. Quartz Crystal AFM feedback offers a very simple sensor fabrication and operation in SHPM. This method eliminates the necessity of conducting samples for SHPM.
KeywordsScanning Tunneling microscopy
Atomic Force Microscopy
Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy
Non-contact mode AFM
Quartz tuning forks