|dc.description.abstract||At certain times, the U.S. has been a complementary player in helping
different countries to democratize without interfering in the affairs of the host
country. During the Cold War, this policy owed to Washington’s anti-Communist
disposition. Most of the time, anti-Communism, freedom, and democracy were used
This thesis talks about such a case where the U.S. kept a close eye on the
transition to democracy, namely Turkey from 1945 until 1950.
Primary U.S. policy towards Turkey at the onset of the Cold War was to keep
the Soviet Union out. Meanwhile, Turkish leaders’ democratic credentials,
particularly those of Atatürk and İnönü, were the triggering factors for
democratization. Treating the two traditionally separate phenomena, however, needs
to be reconsidered.
The thesis will look at the historical record to analyze how Turkish
democratization was a factor in the relations between the U.S. and Turkey at the
beginning of the Cold War. Contrary to expectations, the U.S. did not exert pressure
on Turkey to democratize as Turkey moved steadily on that path.
Also interestingly, Turkish statesmen and intellectuals saw democracy and
the U.S. partnership as the manifestation of their modernization and Westernization.
This point offers itself as another building block for the thesis.||en_US