Metamaterial based cloaking with sparse distribution of spiral resonators
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
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We investigate the application of a metamaterial that is formed by the sparse distribution of spiral resonators as an optical transformation medium is in order to achieve electromagnetic cloaking. The well-known Clausius-Mossotti formula relates the microscopic polarizability of a single resonant particle to the macroscopic permittivity and permeability of the effective medium. By virtue of transformation optics, the permittivity and permeability of the medium, in turn, can be designed according to a coordinate transformation that maps a certain region of space to its surrounding. As a result, the mapped region can be cloaked from electromagnetic waves. In this study, the spirals are optimized to exhibit equal permittivity and permeability response so that the cloak formed by these spirals will work for both the TE and TM polarizations. An experimental setup is developed to visualize the steady state propagation of electromagnetic waves within a parallel plate waveguide including the cloaking structure. The measured and simulated electromagnetic field image indicates that the forward scattering of a metal cylinder is significantly reduced when placed within the cloak. © 2010 SPIE.
Parallel plate waveguide
Electromagnetic wave diffraction
Electromagnetic wave scattering
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.855099
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