The pair correlation of zeros of Dirichlet L-functions and primes in arithmetic progressions
325 - 334
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We define a function which correlates the zeros of two Dirichlet L-functions to the modulus q and we prove an asymptotic estimate for averages of the pair correlation functions over all pairs of characters to (mod q). An analogue of Montgomery's pair correlation conjecture is formulated as to how this estimate can be extended to a greater domain for the parameters that are involved. Based on this conjecture we obtain results about the distribution of primes in an arithmetic progression (to a prime modulus q) and gaps between such primes. © 1991 Springer-Verlag.