Verification of protocol conformance test cases using reachability analysis
The Journal of Systems and Software
41 - 57
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A methodology is presented to verify manually written test cases against the formal specification of a protocol. Initially, a protocol and a test case are modeled as nondeterministic finite state machines and test case verification is viewed as a reachability analysis problem. An existing reachability analysis algorithm, based on the well-known perturbation technique, is modified to take nondeterminism in protocols and special test case features (timeouts and OTHERWISE events) into account. Correctness aspects of the reachability algorithm are proved. The notion of a synchronization error manifesting in a test case due to the nondeterministic nature of a protocol specification is studied. To verify data flow aspects of test cases, we extend our technique by modeling the test case and protocol specification as extended finite state machines. A test case from a proprietary test suite for the transport protocol Class 2 is taken as an example and is shown to contain several design errors.
Finite state machines (FSM)
Verification of protocols