Sorption of radioiodine on organic rich soil, clay minerals and alumina
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Articles
Kluwer Academic Publishers
193 - 204
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Batch method was used to investigate the sorption behavior of radioiodine on organic rich soil, alumina, chlorite-illite clay mixture and bentonite.131I was used as tracer. The grain sizes of the samples used were all below 38 μm. A rather slow kinetics was observed for the adsorption of radioiodine on organic rich soil. The distribution ratio increased with increasing solution/solid (V/m) ratio, and the contact time. The pH of the synthetic groundwater did not change the distribution ratio appreciably. The soil biomass however, showed a striking effect on the adsorption of radioiodine. Among the clay minerals, the highest distribution ratio value was found for chlorite-illite clay mixture. All the values were however well below those of the organic rich soil. The sorption data were fitted to Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich types isotherms. Means energies of adsorption, as well as the affinity ratios of the sorption sites to iodine and chlorine were calculated. © 1994 Akadémiai Kiadó.