Interpolation techniques to improve the accuracy of the plane wave excitations in the finite difference time domain method
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
2189 - 2199
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The importance of matching the phase velocity of the incident plane wave to the numerical phase velocity imposed by the numerical dispersion of the three-dimensional (3-D) finite difference time domain (FDTD) grid is demonstrated. In separate-field formulation of the FDTD method, a plane wave may be introduced to the 3-D computational domain either by evaluating closed-form incident-field expressions or by interpolating from a 1-D incident-field array (IFA), which is a 1-D FDTD grid simulating the propagation of the plane wave. The relative accuracies and efficiencies of these two excitation schemes are compared, and it has been shown that higher-order interpolation techniques can be used to improve the accuracy of the IFA scheme, which is already quite efficient.
KeywordsFinite difference method
Time domain analysis
Finite difference time domain method
Electromagnetic wave propagation