Identification of target primitives with multiple decision-making sonars using evidential reasoning
International Journal of Robotics Research
Sage Publications Ltd.
598 - 623
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In this study, physical models are used to model reflections from target primitives commonly encountered in a mobile robot's environment. These targets are differentiated by employing a multitransducer pulse/echo system that relies on both time-of-flight data and amplitude in the feature-fusion process, allowing more robust differentiation. Target features are generated as being evidentially tied to degrees of belief, which are subsequently fused by employing multiple logical sonars at geographically distinct sites. Feature data from multiple logical sensors are fused with Dempster's rule of combination to improve the performance of classification by reducing perception uncertainty. Using three sensing nodes, improvement in differentiation is between 10% and 35% without false decision, at the cost of additional computation. The method is verified by experiments with a real sonar system. The evidential approach employed here helps to overcome the vulnerability of the echo amplitude to noise, and enables the modeling of nonparametric uncertainty in real time.
KeywordsAcoustic wave reflection
Three sensing nodes