Experimental investigation of layer-by-layer metallic photonic crystals
IEE Proceedings : Optoelectronics
Institution of Electrical Engineers
409 - 414
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The authors have investigated the transmission properties and defect characteristics of layer-by-layer metallic photonic crystals. They have demonstrated experimentally that the metallicity gap of these crystals extends to an upper band-edge frequency, and no lower edge was detected down to 2 GHz. The defect structures built around these crystals exhibited high transmission peak amplitudes (100%) and high Q factors (2250). The crystals with low filling ratios (around 1-2%) were tested and were still found to possess metallic photonic crystal properties. These crystals exhibited high reflection rates within the metallicity gap and reasonable defect mode characteristics. A power enhancement factor of 190 was measured for the electromagnetic (EM) wave within planar cavity structures, by placing a monopole antenna inside the defect volume. These measurements show that detectors embedded inside a metallic photonic crystal can be used as frequency selective resonant cavity enhanced (RCE) detectors with increased sensitivity and efficiency when compared to conventional detectors.
Frequency selective resonant cavity enhanced (RCE) detectors
Metallic photonic crystals