Radius of curvature estimation and localization of targets using multiple sonar sensors
Sekmen, A. S.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
A I P Publishing LLC
2318 - 2331
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Acoustic sensors have been widely used in time-of-flight ranging systems since they are inexpensive and convenient to use. One of the most important limitations of these sensors is their low angular resolution. To improve the angular resolution and the accuracy, a novel, flexible, and adaptive three- dimensional (3-D) multi-sensor sonar system is described for estimating the radius of curvature and location of cylindrical and spherical targets. Point, line, and planar targets are included as limiting cases which are important for the characterization of typical environments. Sensitivity analysis of the curvature estimate with respect to measurement errors and certain system parameters is provided. The analysis and the simulations are verified by experiments in 2-D with specularly reflecting cylindrical and planar targets, using a real sonar system. Typical accuracies in range and azimuth are 0.18 mm and 0.1°, respectively. Accuracy of the curvature estimation depends on the target type and system parameters such as transducer separation and operating range. The adaptive configuration brings an improvement varying between 35% and 45% in the accuracy of the curvature estimate. The presented results are useful for target differentiation and tracking applications.A flexible and adaptive three-dimensional multisensor sonar system capable of estimating the location and radius of curvature of spherical and cylindrical targets is presented. The performance radius of curvature estimation is analyzed to provide information for differentiating reflectors with different radii. Results showed that the adaptive configuration improved the accuracy of the curvature estimate between 35% and 45%.
KeywordsAcoustic wave reflection
Monte Carlo methods
Sensor data fusion
Signal to noise ratio
Multisensor sonar systems
Target reflection geometry
Time of flight (TOF) estimation