XPS and water contact angle measurements on aged and corona-treated PP
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
1846 - 1850
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Effects of corona treatment and aging on commercially produced corona discharged polypropylene (PP) films were followed via surface sensitive roughness analysis by atomic force microscopy (AFM), water contact angle (WCA), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) measurements. Roughness analysis by AFM gave similar results for both untreated and corona-treated samples. The measured water contact angle decreased after corona treatment but increased with aging. XPS findings revealed that corona treatment caused an increase in the O-containing species on the surface of the films, but the measured O/C atomic ratio decreased with aging. The angle dependence of the observed XPS O/C atomic ratio further revealed that surface modifications by the corona treatment were buried into the polymer away from the surface as a function of aging. This is attributed to a surface rearrangement of the macromolecules in agreement with the findings of Garbassi et al. on oxygen-plasma-treated polypropylene.
Aging of materials
Atomic force microscopy
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Corona treated polypropylene
Water contact angle measurement