Propagation of photons by hopping : A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals
Physical Review B
American Physical Society
R11 855 - R11 858
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Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/24945
A new type of waveguiding mechanism in three-dimensional photonic band-gap structures is demonstrated. Photons propagate through strongly localized defect cavities due to coupling between adjacent cavity modes. High transmission of the electromagnetic waves, nearly 100%, is observed for various waveguide structures even if the cavities are placed along an arbitrarily shaped path. The dispersion relation of the waveguiding band is obtained from transmission-phase measurements, and this relation is well explained within the tight-binding photon picture. The coupled-cavity waveguides may have practical importance for development of optoelectronic components and circuits.