Hydrogenation of naphthalene and methylnaphthalene: modeling and spectroscopy
Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
211 - 222
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In situ infrared spectra of 1-methylnaphthalene (1-MeNapht)hydrogenation, over sulfided NiMo/Al2O3-TiO2 catalysts, were compared with theoretically derived properties of methylnaphthalene and its bicyclic products: MeDilin, MeTetralin, MeOctalin and MeDecalin, and with conversion data from literature. Comparisons were also made between the un-substituted and methyl-substituted two-rings, and between the 1- and 5-methyl isomers of 1,4-dihydronaphthalene (dilin) and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene (tetralin). IR spectra of MeNapht adsorption, on the sulfided catalyst, were matched with data for adsorption on the catalyst without sulfidation and the empty support. Surface bound MeNapht is observed below 250°C on all catalysts. MeNapht adsorption suppresses OH groups nondiscriminatory on the empty support and the metal loaded catalyst. We relate the results to previous data on the interaction between the supported metal sulfides and titanium modified aluminas. Calculated total energies, and experimentally derived heats of formation, pointed at decahydronaphthalene (decalin) as the dominant product of naphthalene hydrogenation, with tetralin as an abundant intermediate, and dilin and 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydronaphthalene (octalin) as short lived transient stages. The spectroscopic modeling showed that the orbital fingerprints of the five bicyclic compounds were not distinctly different, nor more than marginally modified by methyl substitution or isomerization. The only significant difference came at the highest occupied orbital, where a high naphthalene density of states (DoS) overlapped with the valence bands of metal or metal sulfide catalysts. The vibrational bands for naphthalene, dilin, tetralin and octalin were well separated. Octalin and decalin, alone, have similar vibrational spectra. Upheaval of ring degeneracy for methyl-substituted two-ring structures broadened all infrared bands in a characteristic way.