Formation of quantum structures on a single nanotube by modulating hydrogen adsorption
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
American Physical Society
1154191 - 1154196
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Using first-principles density functional calculations we showed that quantum structures can be generated on a single carbon nanotube by modulating the adsorption of hydrogen atoms. The band gap of the hydrogen-free zone of the tube widens in the adjacent hydrogen covered zone. The sudden variation of the band gap leads to band offsets at the conduction- and valence-band edges. At the end, the band gap of the whole system is modulated along the axis of the tube, which generates quantum wells or quantum dots. Specific electronic states are confined in these quantum wells. The type and radius of the nanotube and the extent and sequence of hydrogen-free and hydrogen-covered zones can provide several options to design a desired optoelectronic nanodevice.
Single wall carbon nanotube
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