A comparative study of O2 adsorbed carbon nanotubes
Chemical Physics Letters
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First-principles, density functional calculations show that O2 adsorbed single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) show dramatic differences depending on the type of the tube. Upon O2 physisorption, the zig-zag SWNT remains semiconducting, while the metallicity of the armchair is lifted for the spin-down bands. The spin-up bands continue to cross at the Fermi level, and make the system metallic only for one type of spin. The singlet bound state of O2 occurs at the bridge site of the (6,6) SWNT at small distance from the surface of the tube. However, for the hollow site, the molecule dissociates when it comes close to the surface. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.