Surface properties of polyamides modified with reactive polydimethylsiloxane oligomers and copolymers
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Surface modification of polyamide-6 (PA-6) was investigated by melt blending with silicone-urea copolymers or organofunctionally terminated polydimethylsiloxane oligomers. Blends were prepared in a laboratory scale high-shear melt mixer. Surface characteristics of the blends were determined by static water contact angle measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Effect of the type, composition, average molecular weight and amount of the silicone additive in the blends, on the surface properties were determined. Influence of the thermal history of the samples on the surface properties was also investigated. All of the blends showed formation of silicone rich surfaces. Surface modification was permanent due to either the formation of chemical bonds between additive and polyamide and/or very strong hydrogen bonding between urea and amide groups. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.