Regulation of Homer and group I metabotropic glutamate receptors by nicotine
Kane, J. K.
Loughlin, S. E.
Leslie, F. M.
Li, M. D.
European Journal of Neuroscience
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
1145 - 1154
Item Usage Stats
MetadataShow full item record
The present study focuses on the nicotine-induced modulation of mRNA and protein expression of a number of genes involved in glutamatergic synaptic transmission in rat brain over different time periods of exposure. A subchronic (3 days) but not the chronic (7 or 14 days) administration of nicotine resulted in the up-regulation of Homer2a/b mRNA in the amygdala while in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) no change in expression of either Homer2a/b or Homer1b/c was observed. Although the increase in Homer2a/b mRNA was not translated into the protein level in the amygdala, a slight but significant up-regulation of Homer1b/c protein was observed in the same region at day 3. Both Homer forms were up-regulated at the protein level in the VTA at day 3. In the nucleus accumbens, 14 days of nicotine treatment up-regulated mRNA of Homer2b/c by 68.2% (P < 0.05), while the short form Homer1a gene was down-regulated by 65.0% at day 3 (P < 0.05). In regard to other components of the glutamatergic signalling, we identified an acute and intermittent increase in the mRNA and protein levels of mGluR1 and mGluR5 in the amygdala. In the VTA, however, the effects of nicotine on mGluR mRNA expression were long-lasting but rather specific to mGluR1. Nevertheless, mGluR1 protein levels in the VTA area were up-regulated only at day 3, as in the amygdala. These data provide further evidence for the involvement of nicotine in the glutamatergic neuronal synaptic activity in vivo, suggesting a role for the newly identified Homer proteins in this paradigm.
Metabotropic receptor 1
Protein Homer 1b
Protein Homer 1c
Protein Homer 2a
Protein Homer 2b
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
Drug Administration Schedule
Gene Expression Regulation
Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Ventral Tegmental Area
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.03945.x
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
TRIB2 confers resistance to anti-cancer therapy by activating the serine/threonine protein kinase AKT Hill, R.; Madureira, P. A.; Ferreira, B.; Baptista, I.; Machado, S.; Colaço, L.; Dos Santos, M.; Liu, N.; Dopazo, A.; Ugurel, S.; Adrienn, A.; Kiss-Toth, E.; Isbilen, M.; Gure, A. O.; Link, W. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017)Intrinsic and acquired resistance to chemotherapy is the fundamental reason for treatment failure for many cancer patients. The identification of molecular mechanisms involved in drug resistance or sensitization is imperative. ...
Jnk1 deficiency in hematopoietic cells suppresses macrophage apoptosis and increases atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein receptor null mice Babaev, V. R.; Yeung, M.; Erbay, E.; Ding, L.; Zhang, Y.; May, J. M.; Fazio, S.; Hotamisligil, G. S.; Linton, M. F. (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2016)Objective - The c-Jun NH 2 -terminal kinases (JNK) are regulated by a wide variety of cellular stresses and have been implicated in apoptotic signaling. Macrophages express 2 JNK isoforms, JNK1 and JNK2, which may have ...
Protein folding, misfolding and aggregation: the importance of two-electron stabilizing interactions Cieplak, A. S. (Public Library of Science, 2017)Proteins associated with neurodegenerative diseases are highly pleiomorphic and may adopt an all-α-helical fold in one environment, assemble into all-β-sheet or collapse into a coil in another, and rapidly polymerize in ...