X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis of Si nanoclusters in SiO 2 matrix
Demirok, U. K.
Journal of Physical Chemistry B
American Chemical Society
1137 - 1140
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We investigated silicon nanoclusters Si(nc) in a SiO2 matrix prepared by the plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition technique, using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) with external voltage stimuli in both static and pulsed modes. This method enables us to induce an additional charging shift of 0.8 eV between the Si2p peaks of the oxide and the underlying silicon, both in static and time-resolved modes, for a silicon sample containing a 6 nm oxide layer. In the case of the sample containing silicon nanoclusters, both Si2p peaks of Si(nc) and host SiO2 undergo a charging shift that is 1 order of magnitude larger (> 15 eV), with no measurable difference between them (i.e., no differential charging between the silicon nanoclusters and the oxide matrix could be detected). By use of a measured Auger parameter, we estimate the relaxation energy of the Si(nc) in the SiO2 matrix as -0.4 eV, which yields a -0.6 eV shift in the binding energy of the Si(nc) with respect to that of bulk Si in the opposite direction of the expected quantum size effect. This must be related to the residual differential charging between the silicon nanoclusters and the oxide host. Therefore, differential charging is still the biggest obstacle for extracting size-dependent binding energy shifts with XPS when one uses the oxide peak as the reference. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
KeywordsAuger electron spectroscopy
Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Quantum size effect