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dc.contributor.authorOnaran, I.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPearson, T. C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorYardimci, Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorÇetin, A. Enisen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-08T10:17:29Z
dc.date.available2016-02-08T10:17:29Z
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.issn2151-0032
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/23683
dc.description.abstractShell-to-kernel weight ratio is a vital measurement of quality in hazelnuts as it helps to identify nuts that have underdeveloped kernels. Nuts containing underdeveloped kernels may contain mycotoxin-producing molds, which are linked to cancer and are heavily regulated in international trade. A prototype system was set up to detect underdeveloped hazelnuts by dropping them onto a steel plate and recording the acoustic signal that was generated when a kernel hit the plate. A feature vector comprising line spectral frequencies and time-domain maxima that describes both the time and frequency nature of the impact sound was extracted from each sound signal and used to classify each nut by a support-vector machine. Experimental studies demonstrated accuracies as high as 97% in classifying hazelnuts with underdeveloped kernels.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. Transactionsen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://doi.org//10.13031/2013.22277en_US
dc.subjectAflatoxinen_US
dc.subjectClassificationen_US
dc.subjectDetectionen_US
dc.subjectNuten_US
dc.subjectSounden_US
dc.titleDetection of underdeveloped hazelnuts from fully developed nuts by impact acousticsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineeringen_US
dc.citation.spage1971en_US
dc.citation.epage1976en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber49en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber6en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.13031/2013.22277en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineersen_US
dc.contributor.bilkentauthorÇetin, A. Enis
dc.identifier.eissn2151-0040
buir.contributor.orcidÇetin, A. Enis|0000-0002-3449-1958en_US


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