NOx reduction on a transition metal-free γ-Al2O3 catalyst using dimethylether (DME)
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NO2 and dimethylether (DME) adsorption as well as DME and NO2 co-adsorption on a transition metal-free γ-alumina catalyst were investigated via in-situ transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (in-situ FTIR), residual gas analysis (RGA) and temperature programmed desorption (TPD) techniques. NO2 adsorption at room temperature leads to the formation of surface nitrates and nitrites. DME adsorption on the alumina surface at 300 K leads to molecularly adsorbed DME, molecularly adsorbed methanol and surface methoxides. Upon heating the DME-exposed alumina to 500-600 K the surface is dominated by methoxide groups. At higher temperatures methoxide groups are converted into formates. At T > 510 K, formate decomposition takes place to form H2O(g) and CO(g). DME and NO2 co-adsorption at 423 K does not indicate a significant reaction between DME and NO2. However, in similar experiments at 573 K, fast reaction occurs and the methoxides present at 573 K before the NO2 adsorption are converted into formates, simultaneously with the formation of isocyanates. Under these conditions, NCO can further be hydrolyzed into isocyanic acid or ammonia with the help of water which is generated during the formate formation, decomposition and/or NCO formation steps. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Temperature programmed desorption
Residual gas analysis
Solid acid catalysts