Highly monodisperse low-magnetization magnetite nanocubes as simultaneous T1–T2 MRI contrast agents
Sharma, V. K.
Aykut, Z. G.
Demir, H. V.
Royal Society of Chemistry
10519 - 10526
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We report the first study of highly monodisperse and crystalline iron oxide nanocubes with sub-nm controlled size distribution (9.7 ± 0.5 nm in size) that achieve simultaneous contrast enhancement in both T<inf>1</inf>- and T<inf>2</inf>-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here, we confirmed the magnetite structure of iron oxide nanocubes by X-ray diffraction (XRD), selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern, optical absorption and Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectra. These magnetite nanocubes exhibit superparamagnetic and paramagnetic behavior simultaneously by virtue of their finely controlled shape and size. The magnetic measurements reveal that the magnetic moment values are favorably much lower because of the small size and cubic shape of the nanoparticles, which results in an enhanced spin canting effect. As a proof-of-concept demonstration, we showed their potential as dual contrast agents for both T<inf>1</inf>- and T<inf>2</inf>-weighted MRI via phantom studies, in vivo imaging and relaxivity measurements. Therefore, these low-magnetization magnetite nanocubes, while being non-toxic and bio-compatible, hold great promise as excellent dual-mode T<inf>1</inf> and T<inf>2</inf> contrast agents for MRI. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
KeywordsElectromagnetic wave absorption
Electron spin resonance spectroscopy
X ray diffraction
MRI contrast agents
Proof of concept
Selected area electron diffraction
Magnetic resonance imaging
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5nr00752f
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