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dc.contributor.authorSaghaei, T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoradi, A.-R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorShirsavar, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHabibi, M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-08T10:01:15Z
dc.date.available2016-02-08T10:01:15Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifier.issn0003-6951
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/22525
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, we induce rotation in a bulk of polar liquid with one free surface, by applying external crossed electric fields. We show that the induced rotation is due to the imposed stresses at the free surface of the liquid. A simple theoretical model was developed based on solving the Navier-Stokes equation that enables us to calculate the average induced stress in the liquid bulk, using experimental measurements of the angular velocity of the liquid. Our results indicate that the induced stresses and the angular velocities of the rotating liquid are independent from the electrical conductivity of the liquid. However, the induced stresses linearly depend on the external electric field and the applied electric voltage for passing the electric current through the bulk. Both experimental results and the theoretical model show that the angular velocity, linearly changes with depth. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleApplied Physics Lettersen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4907254en_US
dc.subjectAngular velocityen_US
dc.subjectElectric fieldsen_US
dc.subjectNavier Stokes equationsen_US
dc.subjectCrossed electric fieldsen_US
dc.subjectElectric voltageen_US
dc.subjectElectrical conductivityen_US
dc.subjectExternal electric fielden_US
dc.subjectInduced stressen_US
dc.subjectMeasurements ofen_US
dc.subjectRotating liquidsen_US
dc.subjectTheoretical modelingen_US
dc.subjectLiquidsen_US
dc.titleLiquid bulk rotation induced by electric field at free surfaceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Physicsen_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber106en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber5en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1063/1.4907254en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.en_US


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