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dc.contributor.authorBayari, C.S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOzyurt, N.N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOztan, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBastanlar, Y.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVarinlioglu G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKoyuncu H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorUlkenli H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHamarat, S.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-08T09:54:05Z
dc.date.available2016-02-08T09:54:05Z
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.issn14312174
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/21999
dc.description.abstractA 120 km-long part of the southwestern coast of Turkey, with well-developed karst terrain in contact with the sea, has been investigated by systematic diving surveys to determine the submarine groundwater discharges (SGDs). The physical, chemical and isotopic data have been used to determine the rate of the fresh groundwater end member (FEM) and its temporal dynamics. About 150 SGDs have been detected by diving surveys employed mostly up to a depth of 30 m below sea level (bsl). Among those, 15 SGDs are in the form of coastal or submarine caves with entrances ranging between sea surface and 40 m bsl. The FEM contribution in SGDs ranges from a few percent to more than 80%. Stable isotope data suggest a range of mean recharge area elevations extending from the coast to more than 1,000 m inland. In many of the SGDs, the FEMs are characterized by tritium-based residence times ranging from recent to several decades. Hypothetical geochemical calculations of mixing between freshwater and seawater end members reveal that more than 45% of freshwater contribution is required for karst development in the SGDs. Models suggest a threshold pH of 7.6 or lower for the carbonate rock dissolution. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglish; French; Spanishen_US
dc.source.titleHydrogeology Journalen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-010-0677-yen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental isotopesen_US
dc.subjectHydrochemistryen_US
dc.subjectKarsten_US
dc.subjectSubmarine groundwater dischargeen_US
dc.subjectTurkeyen_US
dc.subjectcoastal zoneen_US
dc.subjectdischargeen_US
dc.subjectgroundwateren_US
dc.subjecthydrogeochemistryen_US
dc.subjectkarsten_US
dc.subjectkarstificationen_US
dc.subjectmixingen_US
dc.subjectphysicochemical propertyen_US
dc.subjectrechargeen_US
dc.subjectsea levelen_US
dc.subjectstable isotopeen_US
dc.subjectMediterranean Coast [Turkey]en_US
dc.subjectTurkeyen_US
dc.titleSubmarine and coastal karstic groundwater discharges along the Southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkeyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Interior Architecture and Environmental Designen_US
dc.citation.spage399en_US
dc.citation.epage414en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber19en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber2en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10040-010-0677-yen_US


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