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dc.contributor.authorLewis, D. M. G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAl-Shawaf, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorYilmaz, C.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-08T09:48:19Z
dc.date.available2016-02-08T09:48:19Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifier.issn0191-8869
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/21580en_US
dc.description.abstractThe current study tested the hypotheses that (1) psychological adaptations calibrate Openness to Experience to facilitate or deter pursuit of short-term mating, and (2) this calibration varies as a function of mating strategy, physical attractiveness, and sex—individual differences that shift the costs and benefits of alternative personality strategies. Participants completed a personality inventory before and after reading vignettes describing mating opportunities of different durations (short- and long-term) with individuals of differing levels of attractiveness. Among study findings, participants presented with short-term mating opportunities with individuals of average attractiveness exhibited down-regulated Openness relative to those presented with highly attractive mates. Moreover, these effects varied as a function of the interaction between participants’ sex, mating strategy, and attractiveness. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that evolved psychological mechanisms adaptively calibrate Openness levels in response to short-term mating opportunities. More broadly, they highlight the heuristic value of an evolutionary framework for the study of personality and individual differences.en_US
dc.source.titlePersonality and Individual Differencesen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.030en_US
dc.subjectAttractivenessen_US
dc.subjectEvolutionary psychologyen_US
dc.subjectIndividual differencesen_US
dc.subjectMating strategyen_US
dc.subjectOpenness to experienceen_US
dc.subjectPersonalityen_US
dc.subjectPhysical attractivenessen_US
dc.subjectSOIen_US
dc.titleThe openness-calibration hypothesisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.citation.spage53en_US
dc.citation.epage60en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber81en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.030en_US
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden_US
dc.identifier.eissn1873-3549


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