Selective - area high - quality germanium growth for monolithic integrated optoelectronics
Yu, H. Y.
Park, J. H.
Okyay, A. K.
Saraswat, K. C.
IEEE Electron Device Letters
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
579 - 581
MetadataShow full item record
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/21527
Selective-area germanium (Ge) layer on silicon (Si) is desired to realize the advanced Ge devices integrated with Si very-large-scale-integration (VLSI) components. We demonstrate the area-dependent high-quality Ge growth on Si substrate through SiO 2 windows. The combination of area-dependent growth and multistep deposition/hydrogen annealing cycles has effectively reduced the surface roughness and the threading dislocation density. Low root-mean-square surface roughness of 0.6 nm is confirmed by atomic-force-microscope analysis. Low defect density in the area-dependent grown Ge layer is measured to be as low as 1 × 10 7cm -2 by plan-view transmission-electron-miscroscope analysis. In addition, the excellent metal-semiconductor-metal photodiode characteristics are shown on the grown Ge layer to open up a possibility to merge Ge optoelectronics with Si VLSI.